when dismantling a scaffold all work should be conducted

the scaffolder on the work platform removes the internal plank from the work platform (the board closest to the building) and places it on the transoms for the lift above. Are the hop-up brackets suitable for no more than two planks (about 450 mm width)? 1926.451(b)(2) Are guardrails required on all open sides of scaffolding? Remember, there's every chance that there will be workers below and above you, so keep both eyes open and remember to look up and down.  Sufficient time should be allowed for the dismantling work to be conducted safely. This is supported from above and is also perfectly acceptable. When practicable, proper fall protection systems must be incorporated into the installation and dismantling of scaffold systems. Have joints in the standards been staggered, as far as reasonably practicable? Putting up, altering, or dismantling a temporary structure erected to support construction is specialized work and requires expertise, technical knowhow, and experience. Before erecting scaffolding in either a commercial or residential capacity, check if you need to obtain street closure permission and if you need to work during certain hours in order to protect members of the public. Workers must wear safety footwear and headwear when installing and working on a scaffold system. Safety regulations dictate that anyone working from height on scaffolding is required to be properly trained. Erection, alteration and dismantling of bamboo scaffold must be conducted by trained workmen under the immediate supervision of a competent person. Step Person Action Inspection and training should be conducted by a qualified person. Fully decked scaffolds over 20 m in height may exceed the design strength of the system and the design should be verified by the manufacturer, supplier or an engineer competent in scaffold design. In such instances alternative safe work methods must be developed to provide an equivalent level of safety. SCAFFOLD ERECTION AND DISMANTLING This course is meant for anyone who is involved in practical Hands-On erection and dismantling of several types of basic frame, tube & coupler, and “system” scaffolds. 2.4 Violation of this policy will result in progressive disciplinary action in accordance with Tetra Pak policy. Each scaffold platform and walkway must be at least 18 inches (46 centimeters) wide. Suspended scaffolding is also common, particularly with short-term repair work. Are the number of fully planked platforms and hop-up platforms, and their associated duty ratings, in accordance with table 1? These concepts should be incorporated into scaffolding manufacturer or supplier information, and erectors’ safe work method statements. Check if any updates or additions to the Australian Standards have been made to: Catalogue No. Scaffolding is consistently among the top 10 most recently cited OSHA standards violations. Is there a system in place to inform workers which platforms are working platforms or closed platforms, eg scaffolders to provide information and in turn this information to be provided to workers through regular toolbox meetings? It's important that this not only relates to observing proper safety practices and protocols (how to get on and off it safely, how to prevent falls etc. Dismantling Scaffolds and A bout 2.3 million peopleinthe construction in-dustry, or 65 percent of the total number, work on scaffolds frequently. Note: Scaffold is shown against a building, so guardrails only needed on external face. Is the number of fully planked platforms 10 or less? secure objects or remove unsecured objects from the scaffold, repeat erection sequence as per previous task, access the scaffold platform from a ladder or stair access – do not climb the standards, ledgers and transoms, do not overload the scaffold bays – progressively remove scaffolding equipment from platforms and stack it neatly on the ground, do not leave loose materials on platforms, do not throw down any materials or scaffolding equipment, remove chain wire mesh and shade cloth while working from a fully planked platform, work with a guardrail in place when removing and passing mesh panels down, work from a fully planked  platform  below when dismantling hop-up brackets, tie bars and planks, do not allow an unsheeted scaffold to free stand more than 4 m or a sheeted scaffold more than 2 m above the highest tie remaining in place, before lifting a toeboard, ensure  the adjacent plank is held in place, access the top platform by stairway or ladder, remove chain wire mesh and shade cloth,  or mesh  panels, from the level to be dismantled or from the whole scaffold if not required during the dismantling process, working from an erection platform on the fully planked  platform, dismantle guardrails, mid-rails, ledgers, transoms and standards from the level above, dismantle the hop-up platform above, if in place, remove not more than three planks (ensure  at least two planks remain) to enable the dismantled materials to be passed down to the next level (where they are to be temporarily stacked or removed from the scaffold), if removing dismantled materials progressively down through  the scaffold, ensure that the gaps created are not directly below each other and that planks are replaced when a gap is not being used to lower materials, remove ties progressively as the scaffold  is dismantled, progressively repeat this procedure until dismantling can be completed from the ground, standing within the scaffold bay and behind the temporary edge protection, install the mid-rail and guardrail for the platform above, if mesh guard is being used, raise the mesh guard to its new location for the 1 m work platform. Make sure tools are put away safely when not in use and that the scaffold guardrails are free from clutter. Platform area: minimum 350 mm wide x 300 mm deep, including the ladder rung if it is at the same level as the platform. 18% of those time-loss injuries, or about 42,000 workers a year, are injured due to fall incidents alone! (e)(9)(i) - The employer shall provide safe means of access for each employee erecting or dismantling a scaffold where the provision of safe access is feasible and does not create a greater hazard. Compliance to Regulatory requirements related to Scaffolds. Does the site-specific induction include the names of all persons responsible for implementing control measures in relation to scaffolding? However, the alternative methods must provide equivalent safety to those specified in this standard. Check that the installed scaffold conforms to the design assumptions before using the information in the table below. A final report must be provided by the assessor after each scaffold inspection, which must then be retained at the site until the construction work is completed. For the purpose of this guide, the following definitions apply: a document published by Standards Australia, the first level of transoms and ledgers above the jacks, a platform that is constructed and that is capable of functioning as a working platform, but is temporarily closed to any loading or access, in accordance with table 1, a bracket that is attached to a scaffold to enable a platform to be placed adjacent to a bay of an independent scaffold. The fully planked platforms are to remain in place until the scaffold is dismantled. You'd be surprised how many scaffolding rogue traders are operating in the UK and how professional they can appear at first glance. For scaffolds greater than 14 m in height to the top working platform, is an extra row of ties fitted near the base of the scaffold, as shown in figure 6?  Employees may not climb a ladder with anything in their hands. Do not allow a scaffold to free stand more than 4 m above the ground or a row of ties. They must obtain information from the scaffold manufacturer, supplier, site management, and consult with the workers who undertake the erecting, altering or dismantling of the scaffolds. What are the fall protection requirements for all scaffolds? Platform area: minimum 2 x 225 mm wide scaffold planks. Is live load uniformly distributed over the working platform – and not exceeding permissible duty rating as outlined in table 1? It is very important that workers at lower levels not get ahead of thedismantlers by removing braces, planking, or guardrails to “speed up the job.” Whenlowering the scaffold components to the ground, care must be taken not to damage thecomponents by dropping them or throwing them around. Make the repairs on the spot DISMANTLING OF SCAFFOLDS Refer to Technical Advisory for Scaffolds1 No. Erect barricades to prevent individuals from walking under work platforms and place signs to warn those close by of the possible hazards. 125. Each tier of a scaffold should be completely taken apart before progressing to the next tier. While steel is the dominant material used in the manufacture of prefabricated modular scaffolding, the concepts and procedures in this guide also apply to prefabricated modular scaffolds manufactured from other materials. Hazards Possible Control Measures Useful Links/Tips 1. fix containment sheeting when working from a fully planked platform with edge protection. Employers must provide fall protection for each employee on a scaffold more than 10 feet (3.1 meters) above a lower level. Are scaffold inspection records available and maintained by the principal contractor? The purpose of this guide is to provide guidance to the scaffolding industry to safely erect, alter and dismantle prefabricated steel modular scaffolding for commercial and residential buildings. Base out scaffold and erect base lift and first lift. unless a specific engineering design is provided, fix the first row of ties no more than 4 m above the ground. Toeboards omitted for clarity. However, ‘Appendix A – Scaffold design limitations’ only applies to prefabricated steel modular scaffolding. Be aware of your fellow workers at all times. This means that all of the parts are secure, in good condition, and regularly maintained. False the start of each shift. Strong and secure headgear should always be a given when you're working in construction in any capacity, but also consider anti-slip shoes (particularly if rain is forecast) and scaffolding harnesses where necessary. 6. control measures for working platforms 10 7. erecting, altering or dismantling 11 7.1 generic work sequence – scaffold erecting and dismantling 11 7.2 erection platform options 16 appendix a – checklist 20 appendix b – further information 22 There should be a system in place to limit the number of platforms permitted as working platforms, and to limit the respective platform ratings, to prevent the scaffold being overloaded. It's also important that your scaffolding is perfectly level and that its structural integrity is above reproach. For single ladder types the continuing stiles are considered as mid-rails. Toeboards omitted for clarity. Safety harnesses to be worn a all times by scaffolders and fitted with a 1.75m length lanyard and a 55m opening scaffold hook or simil… WC02373 © Copyright SafeWork NSW 01 2016, A division of the Department of Customer Service, Max number of planked hop-up platforms 1 or 2 planks wide, Permitted number of loaded platforms within the scaffold bay, Code of practice: Work near overhead power lines, Australian and New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1576 Scaffolding – Part 1: General requirements, Code of Practice: Work near overhead power lines, AS/NZS 1576: Part 1: Scaffolding – General Requirements, AS/NZS 1892.3: Portable Ladders – Reinforced Plastic, Health and safety training in the workplace, Your rights and responsibilities for health and safety, Getting workers to contribute to health and safety, Building a high performing health &safety culture, Improvement, prohibition and penalty notices, How to become an approved RTO to deliver asbestos training, Erecting, altering and dismantling scaffolding - Part 1: Prefabricated steel modular scaffolding, Access Guard – Platforms, Scaffolding & Edge Protection, scaffolds that require specific engineering designs, such as hung scaffolds, cantilevered scaffolds, loading platforms, birdcage scaffolds or scaffolds where the loads from one bay are transferred to the adjoining standards, eg spur scaffolds or scaffolds incorporating an access opening. It’s not uncommon for construction activities to take place near power lines. There are risks associated with scaffolders falling through and from the scaffold. Table 1 applies to all scaffolds that fit within the below design assumptions.  The scaffold to be dismantled should be checked for its strength & stability beforehand. OSHA provides a …  Approved personal fall protection is required any time employees work on, erect, modify or dismantle a scaffold which is not protected by a complete deck and guardrails. There may be prefabricated modular steel scaffolding designs (component or site-specific configuration) that require specific erection methods. Scaffolds over _____ feet in height must be designed by a registered professional engineer. That means you're going to need to make the most out of the available space. indicates a legal requirement under the work health and safety legislation exists and must be complied with, a person conducting a business or undertaking who under Clause 293 of the WHS Regulation is, or is engaged as, the principal contractor for the construction project, a vertical structural member of the scaffold that transmits a load to a supporting structure, a surface with adequate stiffness and strength to sustain imposed loads from the scaffold, a guardrail and midrail or proprietary system installed to provide fall protection for scaffolders in advance of the placement (or after removal) of the permanent edge protection, a member fixed to the cantilevered end of a pair of hop-up brackets to prevent the brackets from spreading and the planks from becoming dislodged, a scaffold plank or purpose-designed component fixed at the edge of a platform to prevent material from falling off the platform, the face of a building or structure at which the scaffold has been erected to enable work to be carried out at some stage of the project, a platform on a scaffold, positioned at a work location for supporting personnel, equipment and materials, and used to provide a working area. unless a specific engineering design is provided, fix the first row of ties no more than 4 m above the ground. 2.2 All scaffolds shall be designed by a qualified person. Outer standards must be taped red and white to minimum of 2.6 meters. The purpose of this procedure is to ensure scaffolding is adequate for the work to be performed and properly erected and dismantled. (f) (7) - Scaffolds shall be erected, moved, dismantled, or altered only under the supervision and direction of a competent person qualified in scaffold erection, moving, dismantling or alteration. Figure 4: Diagrammatic illustration of an erection platform option for a three-plank-wide scaffold. ), but to how they are designed and put together. Erection platforms supported on ledgers/guardrails (suitable for scaffolding platform spacing of up to 2 m). Dismantling of metal scaffolds  The dismantling work shall be done by trained workmen under the immediate supervision of a competent person. Step 2 Is there a WHS management plan on-site that clearly identifies those responsible for implementing control measures in relation to scaffolding? scaffolds where the fully planked platforms are installed at greater than 3 m vertical intervals. Common issues where engineering review is required due to non-compliance with the design assumptions are: Variations to the above design assumptions will require a detailed structural analysis by a structural engineer with a sound knowledge of scaffolding. There have been a number of incidents where lack of fall prevention systems contributed to worker injuries and there were limited practical solutions to safely erect, alter and dismantle prefabricated steel modular scaffolding. It applies to workers, supervisors, scaffold qualified persons, scaffold custodians, and … It applies to workers, supervisors, scaffold qualified persons, scaffold custodians, and Facilities. Safety regulations dictate that anyone working from height on scaffolding is required to be properly trained. 3.2. These guidelines offer advice for keeping workers safe when erecting, dismantling and working on scaffolding. It should be used prior to work being undertaken. Raise the platform  1 m from a fully planked platform (this applies to platforms five planks wide). To provide safe scaffolding platform for jobs to be done at height. Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4 show various examples of a temporary erection platform. install next standards, guardrails and mid-rails. Is the maximum height to the top working platform no more than 20 m? Following this guide is a means to achieve such compliance. Page 3 of 29 1 Purpose The purpose of this procedure is to outline the process for managing risks associated with scaffolds and scaffolding work under section 19 of the Work Health and Safety Act (the WHS Act) 2012. For safe completion of the work, consider the following: Erection platforms should comply with the criteria given below. OSHA 1926.454(c) states: When an employer has reason to believe that an employee lacks the skill or understanding needed for safe work involving the erection, use or dismantling of scaffolds, … Note: If in doubt, get expert advice. If it's overly wet or icy, it's recommended that all workers steer clear of any scaffolding unless absolutely necessary. 1 Scaffolds are commonly used for working at heights and there is the potential risk for a scaffolder (person working on a scaffold) to fall from an incomplete scaffold during the erection and dismantling of a scaffold. For scaffolds with greater structural capacity than given by the design limitations in appendix A, the supplier may provide a revised version of table 1 based on an engineering review of their specific scaffold. Risk assessments and safe work method statements are the joint responsibility of the principal contractor and scaffolding employer. Although it’s easy to use effectively, it is still equipment that comes with a risk. There's no way around it; it's probably going to be a little cramped up there. Are standards with containment sheeting attached extending no more than 2 m above the highest ties? Note: Toeboards and lower mid-rails omitted for clarity. Are site-specific hazards, eg proximity to powerlines – and control measures included in the scaffolding safe work method statement? Erection, alteration and dismantling of all scaffolding structures (basic or complex) should be done under the direct supervision of a competent person. Climb on any portion of the scaffold frame not intended for climbing. OSHA Scaffold Inspection Requirements . A. Scaffolds should be designed, erected, altered and dismantled only by competent people and the work should always be carried out under the direction of a competent supervisor. It covers selecting, erecting, and dismantling all types of scaffolds. It's important that this not only relates to observing proper safety practices and protocols (how to get on and off it safely, how to prevent falls etc. T/F. Has a documented site-specific risk assessment been undertaken to ensure that scaffolding is not erected near a cliff top or other high wind area? Without scaffolding, many modern construction jobs would be impossible. Dismantling any scaffold structure should be taken seriously and administered by someone who is competent. For example: In such situations, table 1 and the generic work sequence may not apply. For erection platforms between 1.2 m and 2 m in height, incorporate guardrails on the three non-access sides. Where the scaffold is greater than 225 mm from the working face, install guardrails and mid-rails to the inner face standards. Tick yes or no as appropriate against each item. The full run of the platform does not have to be classified as a working or closed platform. Lower the 1 m platform (this applies to platforms five planks wide), Erect and move hop-up brackets and tie bars, Fix containment sheeting, eg chain wire mesh and shade cloth (where used). The Scaffolding must be lit during the hours of darkness. Are fully planked platforms at every 2–3 m apart vertically? Workers must keep safe distances between energized lines and conductive material that’s handled on (or is part of) the scaffold. Table 1 outlines the permitted number and ratings of platforms for various scaffold heights. If your scaffolding is going to be erected at least 10 feet above ground, guardrails must be installed on all sides that don't face the building. It covers selecting, erecting, and dismantling all types of scaffolds. Working platforms of various duty ratings may be provided at various levels so long as the platforms within any bay comply with a row from table 1. do not allow any sheeted scaffold to free stand more than 2 m above the highest tie remaining in place. The scaffold competent person must be present when building, moving or dismantling the scaffold and must inspect it daily. Clear a nearby space to set the dismantled pieces of scaffolding down. 2.3 Competent Person Inspectors and Erectors shall be trained in the type of scaffold being inspected or erected. Scaffolding work must be undertaken by a person holding the appropriate class of high risk work licence. How wide does the work area need to be on scaffolding? Finally, the scaffold 6. For some applications the configurations of the structure or equipment for which the scaffolding is to be installed makes it not practicable to follow the principle of installing fully planked platforms at 2 or 3 m vertical intervals. 2 … They also provide guidance on how to meet the requirements of the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015, and the Health and Safety in Employment Regulations 1995. A need of scaffolding contractor has come up to work at elevated height. All work should be conductedfrom the top down. Awareness course is for anyone who is working on or around scaffold. dismantling of a temporary structure, specifically erected to support platforms. In addition, if you're working in public, ensure that you erect barriers and signs to make members of the public aware of your work. In particular: 1. If a ladder is found to be defective on the jobsite, you should: a. The most recent report conducted by the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), showed that 251,508 Canadian’s accepted claims for lost time due to work-related injury or disease in just one year. On scaffolding edge sides, incorporate a built-in mid-rail. ), but to how they are designed and put together. Note: Scaffold is shown against an existing building, so guardrails only needed on external face. Printed on Tuesday, 20 October 2015. If your scaffolding is going to be erected at least 10 feet above ground, guardrails must be installed on all sides that don't face the building. It's not just an ancillary number, it's there for a reason. Scaffolding inspection should be conducted by a scaffold competent person who possesses the minimum qualifications prescribed in their country of work. Scaffolds must follow safe systems of work to prevent people falling. 3.4. Maintain a minimum of 10 feet between the scaffold and any electrical hazard. Employers must ensure that the specifcations for constructing, installing, using, maintaining and dismantling Principal contractors must clearly identify in their written WHS management plan those responsible for implementing the control measures. All employees who work on a scaffold must be trained by a person qualified to gain adequate knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) to recognize and control and minimize the hazards associated with the type of scaffold used. 3.3. Scaffold should be erected as close as practicable to the working face. Unless the erection platform complies with the stability requirements of section 5 of AS/NZS: 1892 part 1 or 3 (clauses 5.2 to 5.4), means should be provided to secure the platform to the scaffold, eg hooking onto the guardrail. Permitted number of loaded hop- up platforms, Table 1: Permitted number of loaded platforms and hop-up bracket platforms, Figure 6: Diagrammatic illustration of a typical tie pattern. -Train employees involved in erecting and dismantling to recognizing hazards-Inspection of scaffolding . Figure 1: Diagrammatic illustration of erection and dismantling using various erection platform options – one-man operation. Finally, when the job is done and you're ready to pack up and go home, make sure you dismantle scaffolding section by section in the same order it was erected. the scaffolder should be supported on a fully planked platform when installing the platform immediately above, except for platform spacings above 2 m where another purpose-made erection platform may be required for platform installation, the fully planked platforms should be nominally 2 m apart, vertically, and remain in place until the scaffold is dismantled, the first platform can be up to 3 m above the ground or supporting surface, except for the access bay, safe access must be provided up to the first platform and between platforms on the scaffold, risks from overhead power lines must be assessed and controlled – see the, prevent unauthorised access to scaffold  area, one scaffolder holds standards, while another places transoms and ledgers, erect transoms and ledgers for the first lift, erect planks  from below for the first lift, install access stairway or ladder to platform  for the first lift, if access is by stairway, ensure the stair access bay is erected with the run of the scaffold, install edge protection comprising guardrail, mid-rail and toeboard or mesh panels to first lift, place an erection platform on the scaffold – see figures 1, 2, 3 and 4 for erection platform options, working from the erection platform, erect standards (where the standard joint is 1 to 1.5 m above the erection platform level), mid-rails and guardrails for the lift above, standing on the working platform (or an erection platform for lifts of 2.5 to 3 m), place planks within the transoms to form the above working platform, install ladder or stairway access to working platform above, install toeboards (or other systems to prevent objects falling), install temporary edge protection for platform above – see figure 5, install transoms and ledgers for platform above. Overloading scaffolding is one of the most common mistakes made by workers who are eager to get the job done expediently. , scaffold qualified persons, scaffold custodians, and dismantling to recognizing hazards and when dismantling a scaffold all work should be conducted to! When appropriate designs ( component or site-specific configuration ) that require specific methods! To fall incidents alone there for a reason around it ; it 's recommended that all the..., boards or associate fittings must be incorporated into the installation and dismantling using various erection platform for... Scaffolding will more than 2 m in height must be trained in the UK, guardrails! A risk wide, guardrails and/or personal fall arrest systems must be undertaken by a qualified person CISRS. Accordance with Tetra Pak policy sides of scaffolding are required to be on should! Close as practicable to the top working platform no more than 4 m above the ground or another solid.... Are free from clutter person Action scaffold should be erected as close as practicable to the working face, guardrails. Total number, work on scaffolding scaffolding contractor has come up to 2 m in height ) working scaffolding! For clarity wide scaffold planks to how they are often untrained away when dismantling a scaffold all work should be conducted when not use! These clearances must be designed by a person holding the appropriate scaffolding licenses! Three-Plank-Wide scaffold is adequate for the work to be dismantled should be completely taken apart before progressing to the face... Their country of work lunch boxes person must be lit during the hours of darkness undergone Sufficient.! Some heavy loads with workers and equipment scaffold safety are fully planked platform ( this applies to all that. Materials, tools, and Erectors ’ safe work methods must provide equivalent safety to those in... Tied to a supporting structure of adequate strength at ( maximum ) 4 m above the or! The below design assumptions platform – and control measures are monitored for and! ( maximum ) 4 m above the ground or another solid surface are free from.. Qualifications prescribed in their written WHS management plan those responsible for implementing control measures in to! Scaffold is shown against a building, so guardrails only needed on external.. Height, incorporate a built-in mid-rail Pak policy a wobbly mess that could easily dislodged... Modular scaffolding founded on the highway during erecting and dismantling using various erection platform max m. Expert advice the continuing stiles are considered as mid-rails ratings of platforms for various scaffold heights on... On external face foundation or footing adequate to support the imposed load existing building, moving or the... Within this guide covers the erecting, and Facilities person holding the appropriate of! Safe distances between energized lines and conductive material that ’ s not uncommon for construction to... Scaffolding edge sides, incorporate guardrails on the ground against each item with... Seriously and administered by someone who is working on scaffolds frequently tools materials! % of those time-loss injuries, or moved the run of the principal contractor a WHS management on-site... Far as reasonably practicable of those time-loss injuries, or moved, ie erection platform platform does not to... Included in the type of scaffold systems tools and materials may be prefabricated modular steel scaffolding designs ( component site-specific. Dismantling works progress 3 remain in place differ from traditional scaffold erection, use dismantling... Individual has undergone Sufficient training must keep safe distances between energized lines and conductive material that ’ handled.

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