difference between catholic and protestant bible

3. – When the Protestant Reformation came along, Protestant scholars were also rediscovering the importance of the original Hebrew Old Testament and of the Hebrew language in which it was written. One of the differences between the two versions is that a Catholic Bible is approved by the Catholic Church, meaning that they have been carefully reviewed to ensure that they do not bring an inaccurate or misleading transmission of the Sacred text to the Catholic reader, while a Protestant version has not been through the same procedure by the Catholic Church. These differences among existing Bibles stem from the complex history of how our Bible came to be the way it now is. Later on, when St. Jerome translated the whole Bible into Latin (the common language of the Western Roman Empire), he translated the Greek New Testament and the original Hebrew Old Testament into Latin, and then also translated the Greek “Apocrypha” into Latin with prefaces indicating that they were not part of the original Hebrew Old Testament. As the Catholic version includes seven books that the … The Roman Catholic Old Testament contains seven extra books, plus additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. 2. Though their Bibles vary somewhat, they may include: the prayer of Manasseh, Psalm 151, 1 and 2 Esdras, and 3 and 4 Maccabees. In this article, we will clarify many of the issues for you, with regard to Baptists and Catholics. Catholics call the books included in the Catholic Bible and not the Protestant Bible the deuterocanonical books. These books come from both the Old Testament and the New Testament alike.In the late 4th century, these books, and scriptures, were compiled into a single volume. Another reason for the difference is that the Eastern Orthodox do not hold the same legalism as the Catholic Church when it comes to inspiration and canonical status. The interesting result is that while Protestants and Jews agree on the number of Old Testament books, the majority of Christians in the world have a larger Old Testament. Protestants removed 7 books from the Bible. Both the Jewish Bible and the Hebrew canon in a Protestant Bible (aka Old Testament) contain 39 books, whereas a Catholic Bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament. The Protestant Bible and Catholic Bible are not the same book. I’ll explain below. The Protestant canon follows the Jewish canon which has twenty-four books, but it orders and counts them differently. There's a bit of apples and oranges in the question. These important Churches and their differences need to be understood so that we know how they can help us to live a spiritual and good life. For example, 2nd Maccabees, a book that appears only in the Catholic Old Testament, introduces purgatory and the practice of praying for the dead. In early Protestant Bibles, the Deuterocanonical books had been placed together in a separate section between the Old and New Testaments. stream The Protestant canon has a total of thirty-nine books, and it is calculated by counting as separate books 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings, 1-2 Chronicles, Ezra-Nehemiah and each of the twelve minor prophets. Catholics don’t doubt that the Protestants are followers of Jesus Christ; however, they believe that Catholicism is the correct path to heaven. The Latin Bible (called the Vulgate, “common text”) was brought to order by the church father Jerome; it remained the common Bible for over a millennium and included the deuterocanonical books. There is a discussion on the long conflict between the two confessions. The history of the standing of these extra books is complex and obscure. x��][��6��_ۍ���vo���If�IҊx��Y`��b^&�[2O�;�] ����I�U���α=�`�%�,�U_}U,u���;!w}�/_������/����_�\�Ÿx�^��ݿ�9��G�������w������;�wo~9��;���3-m焁Go��l?���G M���mٛ��� ���9� ��]/?��w���f��AtF����W��?��w}缱����'�ڊ��B�7B��3���p'Ac���4xz�� ����o������é`���;� �G{��d6��%�Q��Ý�����E����U�U����{sӤ��^﬇NtZ���s �C��w�>�E���k%`�}7��w*�>tV� � {%����w�d�����[�Ҫ�n襗I�tyZ�D��;���IAvj0B� �'���-�����\Է��wR�N�� Prior to that, there were probably a couple of translations … Right around the middle of the 16th century and the 1530s, 1560s we see different translations or versions of the Bible. The Protestant Bible consists of 66 books which are considered to be divinely inspired. 10. This translation came about to fill the need of an increasing number of Jews who lived outside of Palestine (especially in Egypt) and spoke only Greek. Catholics rejected the reformation, while the Reformers sought to bring the church back to the true gospel, as taught in the Bible. The books of Wisdom (or Wisdom of Solomon) and Sirach (or Ecclesiasticus, not to be confused with Ecclesiastes) are similar to the book of Proverbs; they have been placed after the Song of Songs. The basic reason is that the Protestant leaders chose to accept only the books of the Old Testament accepted as canonical in Judaism, which they assumed was the Bible used by Jesus and the earliest Christians. While Protestant and Jewish Bibles have thirty-nine Old Testament books, the Bible used by Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christians include the thirty-nine books and several additional writings. Catholics and Protestants believe that the Bible is the Word of God and is a foundation of Christian faith. Catholics and Christians have numerous similarities, and the main difference between them is the interpretation of the laws, rules, and scriptures. The books of Tobit and Judith are placed between Nehemiah and Esther, while 1 and 2 Maccabees follow Esther. A third difference is the arrangement of the books (see below). Subscribe to our channel and like! The books in question are the following: The Bibles of the Eastern Orthodox churches also include these additional books, but they contain still other books, also a part of the Septuagint. The modern bible is not just one book, but many books, stories and historical events that have been compiled into a single volume. As the “vicar of Christ,” the pope stands as the earthly representative of Christ in the world and acts in his place to lead the Church in determining what is true, right, and proper for all Catholics. %�쏢 But later copyists neglected or omitted his prefaces, and pretty soon Jerome’s whole Latin translation was considered of equal authority. ۦ�Ƚ��> ύ�0������\?��.�5�6v��A�_�e Both the Jewish Bible and the Hebrew canon in a Protestant Bible (aka Old Testament) contain 39 books, whereas a Catholic Bible contains 46 books in the Old Testament. Want to learn more? > What are the differences between the Catholic Bible and the King James Bible? Roman Catholics believe that the pope is the head of the worldwide Church. All of the Deuterocanonical books emerged in the Jewish community in the pre-Christian era. The important thing to note is that the differences between Catholic and Protestant Bibles has to do with the content of the Old Testament. There are so many Christian churches and denominations, understanding them all can be very confusing. There is a well-known difference between the Catholics and the Protestants with regard to their beliefs and a few foundational issues. The Protestant Bible includes only those books that were deemed to be Gods words. Copyright Massachusetts Bible Society © 2020    Registered 501(c)(3). Actually, Catholics have eight more books (Tobit, Judith, 1-2 Maccabees, Ecclesiasticus or Wisdom of Ben Sira, Wisdom of Solomon, Baruch and letter of Jeremiah) and two additions (additions to Esther and additions to Daniel), totalling 47 books and two additions. The reasons are complex. While all Christians have the same twenty-seven New Testament books, they disagree regarding the number of books in the Old Testament canon. The differences between Catholic and Protestant is essential if you are to understand modern history according to Heal. The Protestant Bible, of which the NIV is one version, is seven books shorter than the Bible used by Roman Catholics. The differences between Protestants, Catholics, and Orthodox are thus more in the way of practicing religion, one could refer to differences … Catholics refer to these books as the Deutercanonical2 books while Protestants refer to them as apocryphal3books. The Roman Catholic Bible also has additions to the books of Esther and Daniel. Suspicious of church tradition and the authority of councils and ecclesiastical figures, Protestant leaders thought it best to go with the books they thought were canonical before the church. Some Protestant Bibles now print these extra writings as a block between the Old and New Testaments. Catholicism and Protestantism have distinct views on the meaning and the authority of the Bible. At that time, the Reformers chose the shorter Old Testament, while the Roman Catholics decided (in 1546) for the larger canon. Protestants possess Five Solae that contradicts basic teachings of Roman Catholic Church. Get started with Bible study here. into Greek. Sometimes these extra books are called the Apocrypha, a word meaning “secret, hidden,” that is, not intended for public reading. Early Protestants thought these books did not carry the authority of the other books of the Bible though they were still worth reading. We looked at some of these matters earlier. The Old Testament of the Roman Catholic tradition, and also the Eastern Orthodox tradition includes a several writings more than in the Hebrew (Jewish) Bible or the Protestant Old Testament. … It was rather a recognition that they were considered canonical at a subsequent stage. A third difference is the arrangement of the books (see below). %PDF-1.2 Other factors were at work as well, such as the theological perspective that was present in some texts of the extra books. The designation of 'second canon', however, does not mean that these books were regarded as less canonical. King James Bible is the Protestant bible. The difference in the Old Testaments actually goes back to the time before and during Christ’s life. Protestants do not believe in the supremacy of Pope and contradict the concept of believing in any other scripture other than the bible. Catholic Bibles are known to have more books than Protestant Bibles, and there is a very good reason for this. Thus to this day Catholic Bibles include the Old Testament Apocrypha, strictly Protestant Bibles exclude it, but certain “ecumenical” Bibles (such as The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha: Expanded Edition) include it as an appendix. Protestants call them apocryphal books. k�o�~&v�}6�~���;��V����iC����4�1��q7L$.v���B���C3�#�N��QGͧJ8��5�\C�)���’1�T�����j#Vxv��B�� M-����@3І@s�� ��Qtm�#o��1^%,F��B9H9+/����˪0���]��iIz:�����õ��. The New Testament canon of the Catholic Bible and the Protestant Bible are the same with 27 Books. As Dr. Horrell notes: “The issue of Sola Scriptura…versus ‘Scripture plus tradition’ is perhaps the fundamental difference between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism…(what) you’re talking about it’s a hermeneutic, a way of doing theology.” While Protestants only view the Scriptures as authoritative, the Catholic Catec… Books and stories that were deemed to be written by man … Here's what you need to know about the difference. The Catholic and the Baptist Churches are amongst the largest denominations in the world. This follows the practice of Martin Luther (but not Calvin), who considered these books “not equal to the Sacred Scriptures, but useful ad good for reading.”. Bible Study: Differences between Catholics and Protestants by Steve Ray on April 23, 2019 Protestant “Bible Christians” (a misnomer, since Catholics are the real and original Bible Christians), based on their recently devised “Reformation” principle of sola Scriptura, study the Bible with the following premises: Protestants believe that the Bible alone is the source of God’s special revelation to mankind and teaches us all that is necessary for our salvation from sin. In the third century BC, the Hebrew Bible began to be translated into Greek. Catholics believe in the traditional teaching of Roman Catholic Church. Moreover, it divides its list of Old Testament books into four (Pentateuch, Historical books, Poetry/Wisdom and Prophets) rather than the three Jewish divisions of the Torah (Pentateuch), Nevi'im (Prophets) and Kethuvim (Writings). Why are Protestant and Catholic Bibles different? They are interspersed throughout the Old Testament. 1. One effect of this interest was a separation of those books that were known to be originally written in Hebrew from those that were not. Canonization is a process of selecting which books should stay and become part of the Bible, and which should be excluded. Up until about two hundred years ago, both Protestant and Roman Catholic Bibles contained the same books. First, it’s important to note that the New Testament of the Bible is exactly the same between Catholics and Protestants. Naturally enough, these late books, written in Greek, were included not in the original Hebrew Old Testament, but only in the Greek translation of it (called the “Septuagint”). Even if the technical disparities between Catholic and Protestant bibles seem minor, they have had major effects. EIN: 04-2104698, The Reason Goes All the Way Back to the OT, Protestant Canon Follows the Jewish Canon. Appreciate these answers? In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. T�HtS7.��M�Vr�K=�a��;�Y�akXn+#|Ё{ O���i��r%�&^��\��� U��ֻ�����L���6j�4�j�'X���Y�����F�_�������DX\F2c��b}�q�EUU`��+����[s���x�Pަ>�mH���ܽw��[t���b� �E3L�i�@l��$T>� HJ^$�N�a�֒e��-zxN�;h� �m��u�*���C�/Т/9u�b) �A_mh��z��L/��]�֮M���ä�7����u>�h����Љ�0��k�wF��˃ m��`��v�&U:�\�.Eg{6���=D�s6;�@�+:@lࢽ�9r�^�;� ���?zIl0��qA�W�y��k��r�7~]YP\`d���Y�8� o�̯�L��`�:�����K�[�%s���l?��7�2� �}ұܠetg�P#�"�$SW�2"��q����������ӽwV��7��ќu��W��\W"�ѧ=�ͻ�� ���r��V��%�s� ���g�'�����a�zg���!P��au�� *�1t��b�7�;{�m\�̨��[����S2�%�}H�X/a��g8��5޾��O!�4��!�)��?��)��Y�T���)� These books and additions were written during the three centuries before Jesus. Protestants believe that deeds are not concerned only the faith is concerned. Protestants deny pope and other scriptures other than Bible. Though the Bible, in essence, carries the word of God, there exists some difference between Catholic Bible and Christian Bible. The status of the extra books remained somewhat fluid in early Christian history, but most Christian writers used an Old Testament that included extra books until the time of the Reformation (sixteenth century). 7 Books! In this video, I explain the difference between the Catholic and Protestant Bible. These extra books are usually called the “Apocrypha” (meaning “hidden books”), or “Old Testament Apocrypha” (since they are all included in the Catholic Old Testament), or “deutero-canonical” books (since they have only secondary authority), and include such books as I-II Esdras, Tobit, Judith, Wisdom of Solomon, Sirach, Baruch, Susanna, Bel and the Dragon, I-IV Maccabees, etc. In order to print very inexpensive Bibles that everyone could afford, they dropped the books which we call the deuterocanonical books (the second canon). (For more detailed information, see the entries on Wikipedia:  "Development of Old Testament Canon", and "Deuterocanonical Books". 5. The Catholic Bible has seven books and parts of two others in the Old Testament that are not found in Protestant Bibles1. For one thing, a scholarly interest emerged regarding the original languages of the Bible and issues of Jewish origin. In addition, the Greek Orthodox, or Eastern Orthodox, Church accepts a few more books as canonized scripture. Consequently, many of them accepted not the Greek additions, but only the original Hebrew books of the Old Testament. Though individuals can, of course, have their own specific beliefs, there are five key differences between Protestants and Catholics. Protestants hold that each individual has authority to interpret the Bible. The Old Testament as included in the Protestant Bible underwent canonization of the doctrines or books. But that term is inexact and conveys a sense that is not very helpful. It is not clear what prompts their arrangement. According to church teaching, the pope is preserved from any possibility of error when speaking on matters of faith a… Both the Catholic and Protestant Bibles include the New Testament in the same format. T… These books are collectively called 'Deuterocanonical books' and are authoritative. Why the difference in Bibles? k�;���a��5�ʨ,��ʈ�Kl�'�A���I�$������`7�ɂ ��? Some Catholic teachings have their basis in the Greek-language books, and Protestants do not share those beliefs. Many Catholics as well as Protestant do not know that the books of the Bible are not the same in Catholic and Protestant Bible. Catholic Bible Vs. Protestant Bible. For unknown reasons, its ordering of the books differed from the Hebrew Bible; the Septuagint also included deuterocanonical books, but their number was never fixed. Why do Catholics have 2 books in their Bible that Protestants do not have? The Old Testament of the Roman Catholic and Orthodox traditions are not exactly the same list of writings either! However, Protestant bibles contain 66 books while Catholic bibles include 73. The difference arises in the Old Testament. The book of Baruch, the secretary of Jeremiah, follows Lamentations. This translation, called the Septuagint (from a Latin word meaning seventy, because 70 [or 72] translators were thought to have done the work, also referred to as LXX), took several centuries to complete. Help us continue by donating here. 4. They help fill out the story of the Jewish community during this time. Some books dropped out of Protestant Bibles in the early 19th century when Bible societies which were founded and supported initially by Protestants began printing Bibles for the masses. The Protestant Old Testament contains 39 books, while the Catholic Bible contains 46 books. These differences, as you can see, were relatively minor and nothing close to the later difference between the Protestant Old Testament and the Catholic/Orthodox Old Testament. While Protestant and Jewish Bibles have thirty-nine Old Testament books, the Bible used by Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Christians include the thirty-nine books and several additional writings. In fact the Catholic Old Testament contains not just two but quite a handful of books which are not in the Protestant Old Testament. Catholic and Orthodox Bibles The Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches did not follow the Protestant revisions, and they continue to base their Old Testament on the Septuagint. I also explain which bible is correct, the Catholic or Protestant Bible. 39 … FOLLOW GARY MICHUTA: www.HandsOnApologetics.com • Catholic Bible is the book followed by the Catholics, or accepted as the Holy Scripture by the Catholics. At this time, there was no official Jewish canon of scripture. Difference between Catholic and Protestant Bibles. There will be special attention to the long history of often bloody conflict between Catholic and Protestants in Ireland. They are Tobit, Judith, 1 Maccabees, 2 Maccabees, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus and Baruch. One of the first major differences between Catholicism and Protestantism is the issue of the sufficiency and authority of Scripture. Protestants call the same books 'the Apocrypha'. While Protestants don’t view tradition as equal in authority with the Scriptures, the Roman Catholic Church has a different perspective—one which clearly distinguishes itself from Protestant churches. “There wasn’t a difference between Catholics and Protestants until the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century. The reason for the Protestant/ Catholic difference here goes all the way back to the Old Testament, first written in Hebrew (and Aramaic, a related language), and then translated about 200 B.C. And so, these extra books are now usually referred to as the deuterocanonical books, that is, a “second canon” (in Greek, deuteron means second). Catholics, Protestants and Orthodox venerate the same god, Jesus Christ, considered as the Messiah, and relies on the same sacred book, the Bible. The Roman Catholic Bible contains seven books that do not appear in most Protestant Bibles. As it happened, some more late Jewish books were written not in Hebrew, but in Greek, because by then it was the common language of the Eastern Roman Empire. The Protestant and the Catholic bibles are different from one another today. <> Given below is a short discussion about their minor differences. This is a subject of … In the sixteenth century, the council of Trent decided that the books known as the apocrypha among the Protestants were 'deuterocanonical'. It might be said that Protestants have a kind of hybrid Bible – the same number of books as the Jewish Bible but the order of books that are in the Greek and Latin Bibles. There is no difference at all. The result is that these versions of the Bible have more Old Testament books than most Protestant versions. As to why the Catholics have more books, it is a matter of ecclesiastical history. • One remarkable difference between Catholic Bible and King James Bible is the content. Thus, for example, the very first edition of the King James Bible included the Old Testament Apocrypha; but after some Protestants objected, the second and subsequent editions excluded the Apocrypha. To this day, massive differences remain between Protestants (hereafter referred to as Christians) and Catholics. 5 0 obj That is why they initially included them. , Ecclesiasticus and Baruch Deuterocanonical books emerged in the Protestant Bible includes only those books that the differences Catholicism! Both Protestant and the Protestants were 'Deuterocanonical ' actually goes back to the OT, canon. Bible that Protestants do not have Bible consists of 66 books which are not the same format complex. 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