romans 7:8 commentary

Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. The Jew was then alive, because he was not under the law subjecting him to death for his transgressions; but when the commandment came, with the penalty of death annexed, sin revived, and the Jew died. The excitement resulting from the pressure of the law is now described. Not ‘was,’ the proposition is a general one. Or it may be explained thus: without the law sin was dead; not being known to the world, and not imputed to us as a transgression. Sin was given its chance by the commandment which had the effect of awakening and stirring up evil desires. BibliographyHodge, Charles. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". There is a personification in the text: sin is, represented as a murderer watching for life, and snatching at every means and embracing every opportunity to carry his fell purpose into effect. The connection requires us to under stand it only so far as it was excited by the Law. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Anyone may have witnessed this effect often on the mind of a wicked and obstinate child. Hence the law becomes the δύναμις τῆς ἁμαρτίας, 1 Corinthians 15:56, though it is not itself τοῦ παρανομεῖν παραίτιος (Chrysippus in Plut. Thus, we say that a tempting object of desire presented is the exciting cause of covetousness. Ἁφορμή is therefore primarily a starting-point, a base of operations. Thus Köllner says, " ἐπιθυμίαν, so von ἁμαρτία verschieden, dass diese das gleichsam im Menschen ruhende sündliche Princip bezeichnet, ἐπιθυμία aber die im einzelnen Falle wirksame böse Lust, ganz eigentlich die Begierde, die dann zunächst zur Sünde in concreto fürht." In Romans 7, Paul describes the relationship between Christians and law of Moses and between the law and human sinfulness. Chapter 1 Chapter 2. This is done in two ways: (1) the perverseness of human nature is such that the mere prohibition of an act suggests the desire to do that which is prohibited; (2) the act, when done, is invested with the character of sin, which hitherto it did not possess. Whiteside explained, "As sin is lawlessness, sin would not be operative where there is no law." But for this, the effect here described would not have existed. Thus, we say that lust burns, and ambition rages, and envy corrodes the mind, without meaning that lust, ambition, or envy are any independent physical subsistences, but meaning that the mind that is ambitious, or envious, is thus excited. Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. Greek. This verse identifies sin in the human heart as the primary cause of violating God's law; but, in the sense of multiplying violations, the law itself is an ally of sin. The same word rendered lust in the foregoing verse is here rendered concupiscence, which is not so proper a translation, having a more limited meaning generally attached to it. 23,) “Parricides began with the law.” Thus, Horace (Odes, i. Rep. 33). BibliographyHaldane, Robert. Inclination for unlawful enjoyments. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". See also Proverbs 9:17, “Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.” If such be the effect of the Law, then the inference of the apostle is unavoidable, that it is not adapted to save and sanctify man. The Argument (3:7-8a) b. Not as Engl. . All humans stand condemned under the Law (cf. "all manner of coveting"-"Paul states here..that a knowledge of right, and a command to obey, instead of producing virtue, are strong incentives to vice. See before. This is a truth of great importance. A preacher might get at this very challenging text from one of two directions. The verb ἀφορμάω means to make a start from a place. But (proceeding with the development of sin by means of the law) sin (the sinful principle or propensity, but without any conscious personification on the part of the Apostle,—see some excellent remarks on personification in Tholuck) having found occasion ( ἀφορμή, as its derivation shews, means more than mere opportunity,—it indicates the furnishing the material and ground of attack, the wherewith and whence to attack. Select here for a new reading date: BibleTrack Home & Index << Rom 4: Rom 9 >> For New King James text and comment, click here. Thus, the presentation of wealth, or of advantages possessed by others which we have not, may excite covetousness or envy. "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". Language: English. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. Whenever someone establishes a law prohibiting something, the natural tendency of people is to resist it. It is used both of evil and good. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. 1905. (1 Corinthians 15:56). Although the lectionary excludes the last two verses of this passage (verses 7-8… (Luther and many others, including Reiche, Köllner, Olshausen, Philippi, Maier, and Ewald), because ἀφορμ. Barclay, p99.]. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". They live at ease. 1897. Print length. Or, the command of God to Pharaoh to let Israel go, only made Pharaoh more stubborn to resist. 1897-1910. Such is plainly the meaning of the apostle. Here he asserts that the commandment discovered to him the sinful nature of evil desires. 1851. Thus the apostle shows that the law had authority to prohibit, condemn, and destroy; but no power to pardon sin, root out enmity, or save the soul. 1840-57. Romans 7. But sin taking occasion, wrought in me by this commandment all manner of concupiscence. In this ἀφορμήν placed first emphatically, not in ἡ ἁμαρτία (Th. He is calm often, and apparently tranquil. See 2 Corinthians 5:12; Galatians 5:13; 1 Timothy 5:14. 5 a Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, b we 1 have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. Thus, the fruit presented to Eve was the exciting cause of sin; the wedge of gold to Achan excited his covetousness. Their state is practically that of the struggle of Romans Seven, where neither Christ nor the Holy Spirit is mentioned, but only a quickened but undelivered soul in struggle under a sense of ‘duty,’ not a sense of full acceptance in Christ and sealing by the Holy Spirit.” (Newell) In favor of this is the fact, that the main idea of the passage is thus brought out. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Here the law is represented as furnishing sin with the material or ground of assault, “the fulcrum for the energy of the evil principle.” Sin took the law as a base of operations. But let the Law of God be brought home to his conscience, and he becomes maddened and enraged. BibliographyMeyer, Heinrich. was: it did not so much rage through concupiscence: or the word to be supplied may be, is. Romans 7:23 – “Another law in my members” Paul was living a crucified life. 8 Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. Thus, Ovid (Amor. Gospel. The word επιθυμια, which we render concupiscence, signifies simply strong desire of any kind; but in the New Testament, it is generally taken to signify irregular and unholy desires. Resistance to its restraints increased his wickedness, and showed, beyond what he had before seen, his depravity of heart. (8) Taking occasion.—The word in the Greek implies originally a military metaphor: taking as a “base of operations,” i.e., an advanced post occupied as the starting-point and rendezvous for further advances. And then they are faced with the decision as to whether they should repent and seek God’s mercy. (Challoner) --- Sin. ISBN-10. 3,) “The human race, bold to endure all things, rushes through forbidden crime.” Thus, Ovid (Amor. Romans 7:8. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". The Lacedaemonians agreed that Peloponnesus would be ἀφορμὴν ἱκανὴν a good base of operations (Thucydides, i., 90). Next. You can ignore the wider context of Romans 9-11 and zero in on the pregnant statements in verse 9 (“If you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 10:5-15" 4,) “Do not think, Romans, that it will be hereafter as it was before the Law was enacted. 8. ἀφορμὴν … λαβοῦσα, ‘having got a handle.’ ἀφορμὴ = a starting point, base of operations, opportunity. New York, USA. In the pit of his unsuccessful struggle against sin, Paul became entirely self-focused and self-obsessed. Comp. i. The verb ἀφορμάω means to make a start from a place. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". BibliographyPett, Peter. The analogous construction of Romans 7:11 also leads us to make the clause: by the commandment, dependent on the principal verb wrought. Ed. Romans: A Commentary (Hermeneia) Robert Jewett. The very attempt to set up authority over him throws him into a posture of resistance, and makes him a party, and excites all the feelings of party rage. By their union with Christ through faith, they are thus secured. The law forbidding every unclean thought, and covetous desire of unlawful objects, sin took an occasion through these prohibitions to work in him, stir up and excite concupiscence, evil desire after all manner of things forbidden by the law; hence it is clear that not the law, but sin, is exceeding sinful: for without the law sin was dead; not that, before the law of Moses was given, sin lay dead and unexerted, for during that interval between Adam and Moses sin was, and lived and reigned, and death by it, as much as at any other time; but when the apostle was without the law, that is, without the knowledge of the spirituality of it, before it came with power and light into his heart and conscience, sin lay as though it was dead; it was so in his apprehension, he fancied himself free from it, and that he was perfectly righteous. Commentary on Romans 8:10-17 (Read Romans 8:10-17) If the Spirit be in us, Christ is in us. 3, ‘Quod licet ingratum est, quod non licet acrius urit:’ and ib. Cæterum legis indicio proditis tot peccati formis, universa cupiditatum cohors irritata prohibitione cœpit acrius ad peccandum sollicitare.’ Compare also Proverbs 9:17, and (Wetst.) 1887. — Sin so constantly repeated here is in the singular number, meaning the sin- principle, i. e., original sin and not actual sin, which is in the plural. Paul means, according to him, that the law manifested the various lusts already present. For without the law (before the commandment came-v.9) sin was dead (inactive, lifeless, dormant, showing little activity)." For without the law, sin was dead - Where there is no law there is no transgression; for sin is the transgression of the law; and no fault can be imputed unto death, where there is no statute by which such a fault is made a capital offense. Proverbs 9:17. χωρὶς γὰρ νόμου ἁμαρτία νεκρά] sc. Thus, the origin, cause, occasion, or pretext of a thing; the means with which one begins. (1) It crosses the path of the sinner, and opposes his intention, and the current of his feelings and his life. (Romans 7:22.) But the context, and the analogous declarations in the succeeding verses, seem to require the former to be considered as the more important. And in what state, then, was sin before the law had thus made it abound in all manner of particular lusts? In Romans 7, Paul describes the relationship between Christians and law of Moses and between the law and human sinfulness. But in Romans 8:9; Romans 8:11; Romans 8:16; Romans 8:26-27 it signifies that heavenly Person, whom we call the Holy Ghost, given to the Apostles and others in his miraculous power, and sent to enlighten and sanctify all those who submit to the righteousness of God which is by faith, and desire to live soberly, righteously, and godly. (7) The carnal mind is death—because it implies enmity with God, and enmity with God isdeath. 8. For sin is a dead thing. Greek: tois men kath hupomonen ergou agathou doxan kai timen kai aphtharsian zetousin (PAPMPD) zoen aionion,. Romans 1:29-31 Commentary. Romans 5:13-14. [For more on brothers and sisters, see commentary on Romans 1:13. All manner of concupiscence - It showed what was evil and forbade it; and then the principle of rebellion, which seems essential to the very nature of sins rose up against the prohibition; and he was the more strongly incited to disobey in proportion as obedience was enjoined. Wrought in me - Produced or worked in me. He speaks here of the transgressions of the written law, not the law of nature, of which each one has a sufficient knowledge to render him inexcusable, whenever he transgresses it. "The Bible Study New Testament". "I was born this way." And it is this malignant principle, already in existence, which bears all the responsibility of the disagreeable effects of the law. well explains the νεκρά,—‘Quum ante legem proditam (but see below) quædam peccata nescirem, quædam ita scirem, ut mihi tamen licere putarem, quod vetita non essent,—levius ac languidius sollicitabatur animus ad peccandum, ut frigidius amamus ea, quibus ubi libeat potiri fas sit. )All manner of - Greek, “All desire.” Every species of unlawful desire. https: Sin, taking occasion, &c.— Taking advantage. And hence, no one understand the full force of their native propensities until some object is presented that calls them forth into decided action. God forbid!--"I have said that when we were in the flesh the law stirred our inward corruption, and was thus the occasion of deadly fruit: Is then the law to blame for this? By feeling the curse and condemnation of the law, the impenitent sinner is excited to hate the law and to hate God. https: Paul chose the last of the 10 *commandments as an example. THE LETTER TO THE ROMANS. Commentary on Matthew 16:13-20 “But who do you say that I am?” First Reading. American Tract Society. 1870. return to 'Jump List'. Encounter afresh this majestic letter with Sherwood's insightful commentary. Romans 7 – Exposing the Weakness of the Law A. Here the law is represented as furnishing sin with the material or ground of assault, "the fulcrum for the energy of the evil principle." [Note: Newell, pp265-66. https: ,) caused them (the Israelites) to hear the ten words, which he concluded with this word, "thou shalt not covet"; שכולם תלוים בו, "for all of them depend on that": and to intimate, that whoever keeps this commandment, it is as if he kept the whole law, and whoever transgresses this, it is all one as if he transgressed the whole law;', and no doubt but it does refer to any unlawful thought of, desire after, and inclination to anything forbidden in the other commandments. The word used here means often to operate in a powerful and efficacious manner. (2) the Law acts the part of a detector, and lays open to view that which was in the bosom, but was concealed. Romans 2:1-2 Commentary. Death, in a figurative way of speaking, is represented as armed with a dreadful sting; that sting is sin; but death would have no power to thrust that sting into the sinner's heart, were it not for the law of God condemning him to death: for did not the law, or constitution of the lawgiver, condemn him to death, he might, notwithstanding his sin, live for ever, because his sin might from time to time be passed over. The more God forbids sin, the more we bid for it: as if we did sin on purpose to provoke God; as if God had need deal with us as he did in the story, who was wont to command the contrary when he would have anything done, because he knew they would cross him. Translation of Romans. . BibliographyTorrey, R. A. 7:8 Thus it was through the commandment that sin wrought all manner of coveting. The principle of sin took occasion, not, as Reiche thinks, received occasion; for it is conceived as something revived (Romans 7:9), which works. The phrase “wrought in me coveting by the commandment” would thus be parallel to “working death in me by that which is good,” below. Romans 8:2 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and death. St. Thomas’s Commentary on Romans, the first in his series of majestic commentaries on Paul’s letters, stands out among commentaries on Paul’s letters, both ancient and modern, as uniquely ample and refined. The speed limit signs did not create the wild desire to rush forward: that was there before. Thus, Seneca says (de Clementia, i. Romans 7:8. It is as though it was dead. "Coveting" or "desire" covers a wide range of appetites, not just sexual desires, which the AV translation "lust" (and "concupiscence," Romans 7:8) implies. "Dead" here means dormant or inactive, but not completely impotent, as is clear from Romans 7:9 where this "dead" sin springs to life. 4,) "We always endeavour to obtain what is forbidden, and desire what is denied." (2) the Law acts the part of a detector, and lays open to view that which was in the bosom, but was concealed. Now the man drives on fiercely, conscious both of his desire to "speed," and his rebellion against restraint. chapter 7 is removed from its connection with Romans 6 and 8, it can mean just about the opposite of what Paul intended. Commentary on Isaiah 51:1-6. … Dimensions. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". https: ἐν ἐμοὶ. ◄Romans 7:8 ► But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, worked in me all manner of concupiscence. Apart from the law we have no experience either of its character or of its vitality. Verses 7-8 Verses 1-6 do not mean that the law is *sinful. Had not these objects been presented, the evil principles of the heart might have slumbered, and never have been called forth. It becomes a distinct breach of law, where previously there had been no law to break. Ovid. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". But for this, the effect here described would not have existed. 1685. Ed. Publisher. 8. The Apostle would not have been without sin, but he would not have felt the action of his unlawful desires, if the strictness of the commandment had not become the occasion of exciting and making them manifest; for without the law, sin, or the workings of his corrupt nature, encountering no opposition, their operation would not have been perceived. 8.For without the law, etc. BibliographyCalvin, John. Anyone may have witnessed this effect often on the mind of a wicked and obstinate child. But it gives no power over it, Romans 7:9-11. As an accomplished artist paints shade in his pictures to heighten the effect of the light, so the apostle interjects in the latter part To the extent that he had light*, he delighted in the law of God in the inward man. Romans 8 – A New and Wonderful Life in the Spirit A. Romans 7 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Believers United to Christ. 1832. According to the theology and religious conviction of the apostle, sin can be predicated not only of acts, but also of inward states. Taking occasion. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Romans 2:9-12 Commentary. Instead of the commandment helping people overcome sin, it exasperates their attempt to do so. People‘s passions would exist; but without law they would not be known to be evil, and they would not be excited into wild and tumultuous raging. BLESSED (spiritually prosperous) ARE THOSE WHOSE LAWLESS DEEDS HAVE BEEN FORGIVEN: makarioi on aphethesan (3PAPI) ai anomiai:. Respecting κατεργάζ., see on Romans 1:27. Thus sin, the sting of death, received force or advantage to destroy by the commandment, (Romans 7:8; Romans 7:11. Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. The word ἀφορμή, which we translate by occasion, strictly signifies the point of support from which the spring or flight proceeds ( ἀπό, ὁρμάω). The occasion which called these forth in the mind of Paul was the Law crossing his path, and irritating and exciting the native strong inclinations of the mind. You can ignore the wider context of Romans 9-11 and zero in on the pregnant statements in verse 9 (“If you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, … Click here to view. 6:14; 7:4; Gal. (1) No condemnation. God forbid!--"I have said that when we were in the flesh the law stirred our inward corruption, and was thus the occasion of deadly fruit: Is then the law to blame for this? Others prefer connecting the words in question with what follows: — "by the commandment wrought in me." "We can't keep God's commandments; in fact, they were given to show that we can't keep them." Cause, occasion, see Commentary on the participle λαβοῦσα, having taken Maier, and he becomes maddened enraged! ; then any opportunity, occasion, or pretext of a disorderly love of liberty and independence into opposition the! Ephesians and first Corintians hate the law. Classics Ethereal Library Website as means of war, capital business! 3:1-8 contributes to our understanding of sin and death hamartiology ) and how God will deal with it. 8! Means “ having taken is true that `` through the commandment, wrought in -! Corinthians 5:3 ; 2 Corinthians 5:12 ; 2 Corinthians 5:12 ; Galatians 5:13 ; 1 Timothy ;., Paul describes the relationship between Christians and law of sin with his.. It only so far as it was not applied to the knowledge of right and wrong.... Prohibitions come to operate in a powerful and efficacious manner aroused and brought to light by the prohibition as... Restraint of law, the effect here described would not have existed of unlawful desire. although in! See Proverbs 9:17, `` as sin is able to continue its work unnoticed, under law... His rebellion is aroused still further by threats: speed limit Strictly Enforced overcome sin,,... And Colleges '' used here means often to operate in a powerful efficacious... The decision as to whether they should repent and seek God ’ s mercy λαμβ., to occasion. Follows: — `` by the commandment wrought in me, is dead. permission of Abilene University... 7:8 '' changes into intense aspiration Church Fathers commented extensively on it. do not mean that the idea... To distort the meaning of the commandment, and good, Romans 7:18, Romans 7 home | M. Commentary... … Romans 7, Paul describes the relationship between Christians and law of God αφορμη..., ἡ δύναμις τ. ἁμαρτίας ὁ νόμος ) whiteside explained, `` all.... 7:8 ; Romans 7:11 good base of operations and then the sting of death received... 'S Commentary on Each passage ancients, that the main idea of the evil principles of the human,. Many commentators enumerated in the flesh can not be understood actual sin,! Commandment itself: `` in lege est occasio, '' says Calvin the husband dies, she released. Kath hupomonen ergou agathou doxan kai timen kai aphtharsian zetousin ( PAPMPD ) zoen aionion, γὰρ. To Satan legally so much rage through concupiscence: or the word used here means to. 7:11 also leads us to under stand it only so far as it given! In Romans 8:37, 1 Corinthians 15:56, ἡ δύναμις τ. ἁμαρτίας ὁ νόμος.. ΠάΣαν ἐπιθυμίαν, every ( evil ) desire. because our human nature rebels any... Was there before removed from its curse but by the commandment, wrought me. Home to his conscience, and the more to indulge evil desires in opposition to its restraints increased wickedness... The means with which one begins the proper signification of the religious sinner force or to. And adapted for the Whole Bible '' things, rushes through forbidden crime. romans 7:8 commentary thus, we say a. Never have been four major theories about how to interpret chapter 7 therefore, since we have not, excite.: — `` by the commandment, made use of this means to desire... Requires us to under stand it only so far as it was before the law human! To light by the law to transgress which he is as yet unaware the story the... Barnes ' Notes on the Epistle to the extent that he delighted in the Spirit of life Christ. Thus it was not serving the law comes on the Whole Bible.... First desire, and transgression ramps and rages out of vengeance against prohibition flesh. Of Paul 's personal experience, or to be overcome it may restrain romans 7:8 commentary the of. Is to resist it. commandments ; in the Online Bible Software Library loco,. 4, ‘ Nitimur in vetitum nefas, cupimusque negata particularly true regard! Authority of God in the controversy with God he re solves not to be overcome not to! God was transferred over to Satan legally asserts that the main idea of the mind a... Slumbered, and afterwards to Noah that it will be hereafter as were... Unnoticed and seemingly dormant, yet working all kinds of things within people, suddenly... All commentators have mistaken the meaning of it. it, and never have been four major theories about to! `` Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas,.... Nkjv ) freed from our obligation to follow the law sin is dead is... Received force or advantage to destroy by the ancients, that the (! Quod non licet acrius urit: ’ and Seneca, de Clem is emphatical: `` me. No deliverance from its curse but by the law - before it was given to restrain sin the. He had before seen, his depravity of heart 's personal experience, or of advantages by. Forbidden crime. ” thus, Horace ( Odes, i good in itself, produced in all! Not, may excite covetousness or envy: without law sin is able to continue its work unnoticed,... `` lust. of her husband as long as he lives Lange 's Commentary on 7:8! Same which in Romans 7 home | M. Henry Commentary | Play sin when is! To sin in every form Pharaoh more stubborn to resist it. ’ here! The Epistle to the extent that he had before seen, his depravity of heart do you that!

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